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The Marceaux Law Firm

Classifying Your Traumatic Brain Injury Cause

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are one of the most devastating injuries anyone can face—due to the unpredictability and potential consequences the damage can create. The Brain Injury Association of Louisiana estimates that at least 1.4 million people sustain a TBI, and approximately 50,000 people die from such injuries each year in the United States.

The Four Causal Classifications of TBIs

Since there are so many different victims and cases of TBIs, a classification system was created in order to help determine cause, severity, and potential consequences of each injury. These classifications are as follows:

Primary and Secondary Injuries

  • Primary injury. A primary injury is when damage occurs at the moment of impact. These injuries usually occur as a result of direct contact—an object strikes your head, your head strikes an object, or the force of an impact causes your brain to strike the inside of your skull—or impact force causing rapid acceleration or deceleration forcing your brain to jostle within your skull.
  • Secondary injury. A secondary injury results from a primary injury, but the damage and symptoms may be delayed from the moment of impact. An example of a secondary injury would be when a primary injury causes your brain to swell, which in turn restricts necessary blood flow to other parts of the brain, resulting in a stroke. Although the accident didn’t cause the stroke, the secondary injury resulted from the primary injury.

Focal and Diffuse Injuries

  • Focal injury. Injuries that affect specific areas of the head and brain and are generally caused by direct contact with another object. These injuries include scalp injuries, skull fractures, penetrations, and surface contusions.
  • Diffuse injury. Diffuse injuries are more widespread than focal injuries, impacting larger areas of the head and brain, usually as a result of impact forces; they can include brain lesions resulting in comas, brain hypoxia (decreased levels of oxygen to the brain), inflammation, blood clots, hemorrhaging, bruising and swelling.

Finding Order After a TBI

No matter how your TBI was caused, or how it is classified, your life may never be the same. Thankfully, there is something you can do to help ease your worry and help with your treatment and recovery costs. Contact us today for a free consultation about whether you're entitled to damages and compensation for you or your loved one’s brain injury. We can help you get the money you need for your treatment and the justice you deserve. Don’t allow someone else’s mistake to haunt you the rest of your life. Call today to get a little peace of mind, and a lot of support and advice—you won’t regret it.

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